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1.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  51  pp.113-128,  2019-02.  福岡工業大学 — フクオカ コウギョウ ダイガク — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/1145
概要: This paper addresses cross-linguistic variation and diachronic change of complementizer-trace chain in the embedded clauses, deriving the distributional properties from interaction among empirically well-motivated constraints in Optimality Theory (OT) that we propose and their hierarchy. The constraints concern restriction on head, economy of representation, and semantic interpretation. In line with OT, the constraints are stratified according to the descriptions of grammatical structures. The interactions of the pivotal constraints determine the occurrence of (null-) complementizers. Furthermore, the constraint interactions and their different hierarchy can provide a unified account for the cross-linguistic variation concerning the occurrence of complementizer-trace chain and its diachronic change in the history of English. 続きを見る
2.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  51  pp.1-14,  2018-09.  福岡工業大学 — フクオカ コウギョウ ダイガク — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/1225
概要: The cartography analysis in syntax has dealt with wide range of syntactic phenomena. The functional categories in the le ft peripheral area of the cartography have their own discourse function. Force in the left peripheral field activates as force marker. However,this paper shows that Fin in the left peripheral field can operate as force marker and a verb moves up to there due to the force specification. It has been argued that V2 is related to feature specification in C (e.g.+F) and V-to-T movement is dependent on richness of inflection and tense. The framework presented here provides a straightforward account of V1, V2 phenomena in Germanic languages. English shows cyclic demise of V-to-C and V-to-T movement in its history. A set of puzzles concerning the patterns of the phonoma is explained as a consequence of the analysis which admits gradual loss of verb attraction to Fin. 続きを見る
3.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  48  pp.63-71,  2016-02. 
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/565
概要: This paper is concerned with extraction from wh-island,adjunct island,subject island,and wh-movement from noun phrase. In wh-island and adjunct island, SPEC-CP of a sentence is occupied by a wh-phrase or a conjunction. If wh-phrase moves over the SPEC-CP, it yields an Minimal Link Condition or a Phase Impenetrability Condition violation, which causes island effect. In subject island, the SPEC-CP of a subject is occupied by an null operator, which hinders extraction of a wh-phrase from subjects. In wh-movement from noun phrases,a noun phrase projects up to CP as a phase. When a finite clause is presupposed, the clause bears a factive operator as in the analysis of Melvold (1991). The operator blocks wh-movement of an element the clause because it yields an intervention effect. When a noun phrase is presupposed, it also bears an operator as in the case of factive clause. The operator occurs in the SPEC-CP of the noun phrase and blocks wh-movement from the noun phrase. If a noun phrase is not presupposed, an operator does not appear in the SPEC-CP of the noun phrase,which does not block wh-movement from the noun phrase. 続きを見る
4.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  46  pp.69-82,  2014-02.  福岡工業大学 — フクオカ コウギョウ ダイガク — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/1269
概要: The Extended Projection Principle (EPP) essentially operates in the syntax. In Chomsky(2000, 2001), the EPP is modified as part of feature checking machinery and is treated as a feature requiring an overt element in the Spec position of a projection. In addition to this EPP-feature, this paper proposes a new type of EPP-feature. The EPP-feature requires an overt element in the head position of a functional projection. If, however, universal constraints are subject to[±EPP]specification by individual grammars,the different specification provides a theory of language typology. The interaction of EPP-feature specification and the notion of feature percolation can serve to provide a straightforward account of a set of puzzles concerning the distinctive patterns of wh-movement and head movement. 続きを見る
5.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  43  pp.21-26,  2010-09-28.  福岡工業大学 — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/1026
概要: This paper suggests that a noun phrase projects up to CP as a phase. When a finite clause is presupposed, the clause bears a factive operator as in the analysis of Melvold (1991). The operator blocks wh-movement of an element the clause because it yields an intervention effect. When a noun phrase is presupposed,it also bears an operator as in the case of factive clause. The operator occurs in the SPEC-CP of the noun phrase and blocks wh-movement from the noun phrase. If a noun phrase is not presupposed, an operator does not appear in the SPEC-CP of the noun phrase,which does not block wh-movement from the noun phrase. When a wh-in-situ occurs in a noun phrase that is not presupposed, it is licensed by its licenser bearing Q-feature and wh-feature because of no operator between the licenser and the licesee. When, however, a wh-in-situ occurs in a presupposed noun phrase, the wh-phrase is not licensed. This is due to the fact that an operator becomes an intervener between the wh-in-situ and the licenser of the wh-phrase. 続きを見る
6.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ソウセイ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  42  pp.147-152,  2010-02-28.  福岡工業大学 — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/988
概要: This paper suggests that a noun phrase projects up to CP as a phase and a wh-phrase can also project up to CP. Wh-movement can occur in a finite clause or non-finite clause. Wh-phrase can undergo movement to the Spec-CP of the wh-phrase according to the analysis presented here. There exist many multiple wh-interrogatives which have an apparent configuration yielding superiority effect in English. Although a significant body of work has been devoted to superiority effect, little is known about the reason why superiority effect is unstable. This paper shows that the appearance or loss of superiority effect depends on the constraint that requires an operator locally bind its variable and the application or non-appication of wh-movement in a wh-noun phrase. German does not exhibit superiority effect,which is also explained as a consequence of the constraint and the application or non-application of wh-movement in a wh-phrase. 続きを見る
7.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ソウマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  42  pp.37-51,  2009-09-28.  福岡工業大学 — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/975
概要: This paper envisages the interactions of some constraint and an empirically necessary constraint L-BIND,drawing on data bearing on overt multiple wh-interrogatives. The analyses of multiple wh-interrogatives that have been presented in the literature seem to be controversial. I show in this paper that multiple wh-interrogatives are closely related to the interactions of the constraints I propose here, providing a straightforward account of superiority effect in English. And it is shown that an extraction disparity that shows up between English-type languages and multiple wh-fronting languages in the application of wh-movement stems from the difference of the constraint ranking. 続きを見る
8.

論文

論文
Munemasa Yoshihiro ; 宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  41  pp.11-29,  2008-09-30.  福岡工業大学 — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/966
概要: The Extended Projection Principle (EPP) essentially operates in the syntax. In the recent framework of the minimalist syntax, the EPP is treated as a feature requiring an overt element in the Spec position of a projection. This paper proposes two types of EPP-feature. One is a feature requiring an overt element in the Spec position of a functional projection and the other is a feature requiring an overt element in the head position of a functional projection. The different specification of tbe two types EPP-features provides a systematic account for the cross-linguistic variation concerning interrogative C, distribution of a complementizer, (un-) availability of the complementizer that in an embedded clause, and diachronic change concerning it. 続きを見る
9.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  40  pp.65-71,  2007-09-30.  福岡工業大学 — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/930
概要: Aim of this paper is to provide a systematic account for the question formation and its cross-linguistic variation by making use of empirically well motivated constraints. Such constraints include the restriction on clause type, economy of derivation and representation, head, and traces. In line with the Optimality Theory, the constraints should be stratified according to the descriptions of grammatical structures. Interactions of the pivotal constraints determines the question formation. Furthermore, the constraint interactions and their different hierarchy can provide a unified account for the cross-linguistic variation between English and French concerning occurrence of subject-aux inversion and the wh-movement. 続きを見る
10.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  40  pp.55-64,  2007-09-30.  福岡工業大学 — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/929
概要: im of this paper is to provide a straightforward account for the demise of obligatory introduc-tion of the complementizer that in the late 16th century. A cross-linguistic study reveals that the com-plementizer that undergoes a T-to-C movement. Such movement is ascribed to the existence of EPP feature in the head of CP and the distribution of that and null-that bears on the EPP feature. The EPP feature was obligatorily introduced in the head of CP up to the late 16th century. Owing to the rich in-flectional system of IP and the specification of the EPP feature in the head of IP, the EPP feature per-colated up to the head of CP and it induced a T-to-C movement of that. Loss of the rich inflectional system in the late 16th century caused the percolation of the EPP feature from the head of IP to die out, which yielded the advent of null-that. 続きを見る