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1.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Yoshihiro Munemasa
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  52  pp.85-123,  2020-02-28.  福岡工業大学 — フクオカ コウギョウ ダイガク — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/1426
概要: The functional categories in the left peripheral area of the cartography have their own discourse function. Force in the left peripheral field activates as a force marker. However, this paper shows that Fin in the left peripheral field can operate as a force marker and a verb moves up to there due to inheritance of [+attract] feature from Force to Fin. The framework presented here provides a straightforward account of V1, V2 phenomena in Germanic languages. English shows cyclic demise of V-to-C and V-to-T movement in its history. A set of puzzles concerning the patterns of the phenomena is explained as a consequence of the analysis which admits gradual demise of verb attraction to Fin. Furthermore, this paper addresses the possibility of occurrence of MoodP between ForceP and FinP in the right periphery of clauses as well as in the left periphery of them. MoodP bears the function of speaker’s mood of utterance and interacts with Force in attracting verbs to Fin. The demise of Kakari-musubi in Japanese is closely related to the loss of verb movement to Fin. 続きを見る
2.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  51  pp.113-128,  2019-02.  福岡工業大学 — フクオカ コウギョウ ダイガク — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/1145
概要: This paper addresses cross-linguistic variation and diachronic change of complementizer-trace chain in the embedded clauses, deriving the distributional properties from interaction among empirically well-motivated constraints in Optimality Theory (OT) that we propose and their hierarchy. The constraints concern restriction on head, economy of representation, and semantic interpretation. In line with OT, the constraints are stratified according to the descriptions of grammatical structures. The interactions of the pivotal constraints determine the occurrence of (null-) complementizers. Furthermore, the constraint interactions and their different hierarchy can provide a unified account for the cross-linguistic variation concerning the occurrence of complementizer-trace chain and its diachronic change in the history of English. 続きを見る
3.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Yoshihiro MUNEMASA
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  52  pp.1-13,  2019-09.  福岡工業大学附属図書館 — フクオカ コウギョウ ダイガク フゾク トショカン
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/1346
概要: The cartography analysis in syntax has dealt with wide range of syntactic phenomena. The functional categories in the left peripheral area of the cartography have their own discourse function. Based on the cartography analysis, this paper shows the possibility of occurrence of MoodP above FinP in the left periphery of clauses. MoodP bears the function of speaker’s mood of utterance concerning uncertainty. The uncertainty appearsasa null category in the head position of MoodP. Thiscategory alwaysoccursin interrogative sentencesand licensesnegative polarity itemsin those sentencesby binding them. Conditional clauses also bear this null category in MoodP because they imply uncertainty concerning the truth value of thier propostion. The null category, bearing uncertainty, can license negative polarity itemsin the conditional clausesaswell. This null category hypothesis can be applied to other syntactic phenomena which are closely related to licensing negative polarity items. 続きを見る
4.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  51  pp.1-14,  2018-09.  福岡工業大学 — フクオカ コウギョウ ダイガク — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/1225
概要: The cartography analysis in syntax has dealt with wide range of syntactic phenomena. The functional categories in the le ft peripheral area of the cartography have their own discourse function. Force in the left peripheral field activates as force marker. However,this paper shows that Fin in the left peripheral field can operate as force marker and a verb moves up to there due to the force specification. It has been argued that V2 is related to feature specification in C (e.g.+F) and V-to-T movement is dependent on richness of inflection and tense. The framework presented here provides a straightforward account of V1, V2 phenomena in Germanic languages. English shows cyclic demise of V-to-C and V-to-T movement in its history. A set of puzzles concerning the patterns of the phonoma is explained as a consequence of the analysis which admits gradual loss of verb attraction to Fin. 続きを見る
5.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  48  pp.63-71,  2016-02. 
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/565
概要: This paper is concerned with extraction from wh-island,adjunct island,subject island,and wh-movement from noun phrase. In wh-island and adjunct island, SPEC-CP of a sentence is occupied by a wh-phrase or a conjunction. If wh-phrase moves over the SPEC-CP, it yields an Minimal Link Condition or a Phase Impenetrability Condition violation, which causes island effect. In subject island, the SPEC-CP of a subject is occupied by an null operator, which hinders extraction of a wh-phrase from subjects. In wh-movement from noun phrases,a noun phrase projects up to CP as a phase. When a finite clause is presupposed, the clause bears a factive operator as in the analysis of Melvold (1991). The operator blocks wh-movement of an element the clause because it yields an intervention effect. When a noun phrase is presupposed, it also bears an operator as in the case of factive clause. The operator occurs in the SPEC-CP of the noun phrase and blocks wh-movement from the noun phrase. If a noun phrase is not presupposed, an operator does not appear in the SPEC-CP of the noun phrase,which does not block wh-movement from the noun phrase. 続きを見る
6.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  46  pp.69-82,  2014-02.  福岡工業大学 — フクオカ コウギョウ ダイガク — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/1269
概要: The Extended Projection Principle (EPP) essentially operates in the syntax. In Chomsky(2000, 2001), the EPP is modified as part of feature checking machinery and is treated as a feature requiring an overt element in the Spec position of a projection. In addition to this EPP-feature, this paper proposes a new type of EPP-feature. The EPP-feature requires an overt element in the head position of a functional projection. If, however, universal constraints are subject to[±EPP]specification by individual grammars,the different specification provides a theory of language typology. The interaction of EPP-feature specification and the notion of feature percolation can serve to provide a straightforward account of a set of puzzles concerning the distinctive patterns of wh-movement and head movement. 続きを見る
7.

論文

論文
宗正佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Yoshihiro MUNEMASA
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  44  pp.23-34,  2011-09.  福岡工業大学 — フクオカ コウギョウ ダイガク
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/1288
概要: This paper argues that wh-scope marking and its cross-linguistic variation are explained as a consequence of wh-feature percolation of a wh-phrase and specification of EPP(Extended Projection Principle)-feature in the phase head. The wh-feature of a wh-phrase percolates up to the head of the phrase where Q-feature is specified and the wh-scope of a wh-phrase is marked by the wh-feature percolation and its association with Q-feature. This whpercolation is observed in all natural languages. Successive cyclic movement of a wh-phrase occurs by specification of EPP-feature in the head of phases which is associated with the wh-feature of a wh-phrase. Wh-movement depends on association between EPP-feature and the wh-feature of a wh-phrase which percolates up to the head of the phrase where Q-feature is specified. 続きを見る
8.

論文

論文
Munemasa Yoshihiro ; 宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  41  pp.11-29,  2008-09-30.  福岡工業大学 — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/966
概要: The Extended Projection Principle (EPP) essentially operates in the syntax. In the recent framework of the minimalist syntax, the EPP is treated as a feature requiring an overt element in the Spec position of a projection. This paper proposes two types of EPP-feature. One is a feature requiring an overt element in the Spec position of a functional projection and the other is a feature requiring an overt element in the head position of a functional projection. The different specification of tbe two types EPP-features provides a systematic account for the cross-linguistic variation concerning interrogative C, distribution of a complementizer, (un-) availability of the complementizer that in an embedded clause, and diachronic change concerning it. 続きを見る
9.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  40  pp.65-71,  2007-09-30.  福岡工業大学 — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/930
概要: Aim of this paper is to provide a systematic account for the question formation and its cross-linguistic variation by making use of empirically well motivated constraints. Such constraints include the restriction on clause type, economy of derivation and representation, head, and traces. In line with the Optimality Theory, the constraints should be stratified according to the descriptions of grammatical structures. Interactions of the pivotal constraints determines the question formation. Furthermore, the constraint interactions and their different hierarchy can provide a unified account for the cross-linguistic variation between English and French concerning occurrence of subject-aux inversion and the wh-movement. 続きを見る
10.

論文

論文
宗正 佳啓 ; ムネマサ ヨシヒロ ; Munemasa Yoshihiro
出版情報: 福岡工業大学研究論集.  40  pp.55-64,  2007-09-30.  福岡工業大学 — Fukuoka Institute of Technology
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11478/929
概要: im of this paper is to provide a straightforward account for the demise of obligatory introduc-tion of the complementizer that in the late 16th century. A cross-linguistic study reveals that the com-plementizer that undergoes a T-to-C movement. Such movement is ascribed to the existence of EPP feature in the head of CP and the distribution of that and null-that bears on the EPP feature. The EPP feature was obligatorily introduced in the head of CP up to the late 16th century. Owing to the rich in-flectional system of IP and the specification of the EPP feature in the head of IP, the EPP feature per-colated up to the head of CP and it induced a T-to-C movement of that. Loss of the rich inflectional system in the late 16th century caused the percolation of the EPP feature from the head of IP to die out, which yielded the advent of null-that. 続きを見る